The JOIFF Training Standard
A person shall be deemed to be competent where, having regard to the task that s/he is required to perform and taking account of the size and/or hazards of the undertaking or establishment in which s/he undertakes work, s/he possesses sufficient training, experience and knowledge appropriate to the nature of the work to be undertaken.
Each member of an Organisation’s Emergency Response Team (ERT) should receive training that will enable them to perform their duties safely, efficiently and in a competent manner on an on-going basis. This is both a legal and a safety requirement. JOIFF has developed training courses/programmes and a system of training accreditation, not only to enable its members to meet their minimum legal requirements but also to demonstrate by competency based certification, their intent to maintain a consistent level of expertise and knowledge amongst their emergency response personnel through their on-going participation in JOIFF accredited training courses/programmes.
JOIFF Training, which is competency based has been specifically developed for emergency response personnel who provide cover for High Hazard Industries. It is regarded as Best Industry Practice and is based on the highest International current levels of knowledge and competence in the sectors dealing with high hazard materials and processes in which JOIFF Members operate.
The JOIFF Training Policy is part of the JOIFF Standard and requires that a well trained and properly organised ERT comprises members who are thoroughly familiar with their own site and its particular problems and are able to respond effectively to incidents on site prior to the arrival of the Municipal Fire Brigade.
JOIFF Training is Competency Based and is designed to provide Continuous Personal Development (CPD) for Students. The fundamental reasons for carrying out CPD are:
- to demonstrate that existing knowledge and skills are being regularly refreshed in order to maintain existing competence;
- to acquire new knowledge and develop more skills necessary to keep up with developments in firefighting and other emergency response techniques;
- to acquire new underpinning knowledge and skills that may be necessary for career development.
JOIFF Training is divided into five distinct phases:
- Initial training: “Acquisition” – to gain the attitude, knowledge, competency skills and understanding identified for a particular role, before being permitted to engage in emergency operations;
- Continuous training: “Application” – to consolidate, practice and apply the knowledge, skills and understanding developed during initial training, to the Workplace;
- Refresher training: “Maintenance” – a revision of fundamental knowledge and skills;
- Conversion training: “Acquisition” – designed to familiarise whenever changes in procedures and/or technology are introduced, and/or new hazards are identified in the work environment;
- Revalidation training: “Confirmation” – to up-date and develop new techniques and/or to enhance the skills learnt in earlier training.
Each person who satisfactorily completes a JOIFF approved Training Course/Programme receives a JOIFF Certificate of Competence. JOIFF Certificates of Competence have expiry dates as it is necessary to prove retention of competency. Revalidation is required on a regular basis – however this requirement can also be met by continual demonstration of currency of competence.
Site Training Programmes which should be compiled after a Training Needs Analysis must reflect the key performance indicators (KPIs) that are required to maintain competence to site requirements.
It is the responsibility of both the Employer and the Employee to demonstrate that competencies are being maintained. Training should be as frequent as necessary to ensure that members of ERTs can perform their duties in a safe and competent manner that does not pose a hazard to themselves or to other persons.
After initial training has been satisfactorily completed, Competency Based Training Certification can only be maintained by the augmentation and regularity of a robust on site training programme. The following are considered to be acceptable minimum guidelines for such a programme:
- Continuation Training for full-time and part time emergency response personnel should be carried out at intervals to maintain competence as determined by the site training policy.
- Refresher training as applicable.
- Conversion Training as applicable.
- Revalidation Training is re-certification or other similar procedure every three years or less to continually demonstrate maintenance of competence through appropriate Training Courses and Programmes and/or CPD activities.
For the on-going safety and efficiency of emergency response personnel whose responsibility includes Firefighting it is considered essential that competence in practical Firefighting and in the correct use of Breathing Apparatus (B.A.) is maintained. In order to maintain such competence, it is considered that the following minimum guidelines should be followed:
- Practical Firefighting: training on approved fire scenarios at least once every 12 months.
- B.A. Wearer: assessed as competent at least once every 12 months.
It is critical that whether full time or part time, members of ERTs expected to carry out the same duties and to have the potential to be exposed to the same risks must receive the same amount and type of Competency Based Training and be issued with and trained in the use of the same type of Personal Protective Equipment.